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External economic sanctions in relation to russia and dedollarization: its influence on the condition of national economies

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Pages: 
3-24
UDC Code: 
341.018:330.3(622)
Authors: 
Fadeikina Natal`ya V. Doctor of Economic Sciences in specialty 08.00.10 «Finance, monetary circulation and credit», Professor  (fadeikinanv@yandex.ru, rektor@nnet.ru)
Demchuk I Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor  (demchuk_in@open.ru, 6n.belyh@nomos-sibir.ru)

Due to the discussion problems of external economic sanctions are considered rules of international law, in particular rules of the United Nations and power of the European Union on imposition of sanctions concerning the state which made the international offenses; analysis results of history of the sanctions regimes set in relation to the Russian state are given (Moskovia, the Russian Empire, the USSR, the Russian Federation); information on the most considerable external sanctions against the USSR is generalized («gold blockade», «Cold War», technological blockade, etc.). Special attention is paid to implementation of strategic plans of the USA which not only applied rationing arrangements according to the developed Strategy of a controlled lack in technology for the purpose of achievement of superiority over the USSR, but also realized the directives of National Security council of the USA (for example, the confidential directive No. 20/1) directed to fight against the Soviet state. The chronology of external economic sanctions (2014–2016) imposed as the USA, the EU and their partners in relation to the Russian Federation (its legal entities), and Russia in relation to initiators of the anti-Russian sanctions constituted by authors is published; data on the extent of damage from entering of the anti-Russian sanctions to EU countries, the USA and their partners received including as a result of the independent researches conducted by the foreign organizations recognized by the international community are systematized. It is shown that the anti-Russian sanctions in essential degree concern access of credit and other Russian institutions to the international financial markets (receipt of the credit, placement of securities, etc.), and need of activization of internal mechanisms of forming of money resources which would fill reducing amount of external financing, and also taking measures to the fastest implementation of mechanisms of functioning of Development bank and Pool of the arbitrary currency reserves created by the countries entering into BRICS group which functions can replace further functionality of the IMF and the WB that will create prerequisites for effective protection of national economies of the countries of BRICS (from any external sanctions and crises) and for improvement of their condition is proved.

Special attention is paid to essence, the reasons, dedollarization process forms – gradual refusal of the countries of use of US dollar as currency of international settlements and reserve currency. The events and the facts characterizing dedollarization process are covered and its influence on increase in efficiency of implementation of the state monetary policy. The conclusion is drawn on influence of the specified process on introduction and toughening of external economic sanctions from the USA and their partners against our country and affirms that activization of process of dedollarization will promote in the medium term to improvement of a condition of national economy of Russia and other countries.

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