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Undigested lessons of the economic doctrine John Maynard Keynes

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UDC Code: 
Demchuk I Candidate of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor  (demchuk_in@open.ru, 6n.belyh@nomos-sibir.ru)
Fadeikina Natal`ya V. Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor  (fadeikinanv@yandex.ru, rektor@nnet.ru)

In the conditions of domination in the western economic thought in the last 30 years of ideas of neoliberalism (neoconservatism) the economic doctrine of the great economist J. M. Keynes (1883–1946) under the influence of which in 1930-1970 the economic policy of the majority of industrially developed states was formed has been buried in almost dark oblivion. Meanwhile, his world renowned books ("Treatise about monetary reform" (1923), "Treatise about money" (1930), "General theory of employment, percent and money", etc.) haven't lost the relevance. Moreover, fundamental provisions its well-known "The general theory …" which emergence in 1936 has had effect of the become torn bomb and have today the high level of the scientific importance and practical usefulness for taking measures to realization of anti-recessionary strategy of development of national economies and modernization of a monetary policy. It belongs also to modern Russia which economic condition demands radical reorganization of the mechanism of state regulation of social and economic processes of society which basis is the market economy, and the purpose – increase of welfare and quality of life of citizens of the country. The special attention in the economic doctrine of Keynes is paid to those probems which the USA and other developed countries at the time of the Great depression had faced. The short description of the mechanism of the solution of these problems within New course of  F.D  Roosevelt is provided in this article.Experience of implementation of the anti-recessionary program of Roosevelt is very instructive. "The general theory …" Keynes has formulated basic provisions of the after detailed studying of this experience that has allowed it to disclose the content of categories of saving and investment, effective demand, percent and money, marginal efficiency of the capital, risk of the businessman or the borrower and risk of the creditor, etc., to formulate the psychological law and business motives of preference of liquidity. This article which purpose is justification of need of use of basic provisions of the doctrine of J. M. Keynes at realization of the modern economic policy focused on ensuring sustainable social and economic development of the country is devoted to specified categories and the related processes.

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